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Resource Guide of Acronyms & Definitions


Alliance District- Connecticut State Department of Education (CSDE) program
providing funding to under-served districts, to increase student outcomes and close the achievement gap through innovative education reform.

BRIDGES/ESH (Extended School Hours) - After school programs that provide a safe and fun learning environment for Norwich students.

Charter/Magnet School - Publicly funded schools with specialized curriculum
(alternative education).

LEARN - Is a regional educational service center working with and for its member
districts to improve the quality of public education of all learners.

Media Center - Media refers to content that uses a combination of different content forms. This contrasts with media that use only rudimentary computer displays such as text-only or traditional forms of printed or hand-produced material. Multimedia includes a combination of text, audio, still images, animation, video, or interactivity content forms.

Network Connecticut State Department of Education (CSDE) program in which district and the SDE secure school-level flexibility and autonomy in exchange for heightened

UCFS - United Community & Family Services (UCFS) - 860-376-7040 - A non-profit
Community Health Center offering services to the insured, under-insured and uninsured.

SMILES on the Move - Preventive dental services in the school setting to children.

JRB- Juvenile Review Board - A committee that has been formally designated to review juvenile court cases in the State of Connecticut.

FWSN - Families With Service Needs - Provides a basis for responding to the needs of children exhibiting misbehavior considered unlawful only if committed by children younger than sixteen (16) years of age.

211 - Connecticut’s free information and referral service

BOE - Board of Education

LED - Leadership Education Development Learning Energized Dreams

DCF - Department of Children and Families

NPS - Norwich Public Schools

PD - Professional Development

PE - Physical Education

SDE - State Department of Education

(U)SGC- (Uncas) School Governance Council

SPI / DPI - School Performance Index/ District Performance Index

SRO- School Resource Officer

In the Classroom

CCSS - Common Core State Standards
Education initiative in the United States that details what K-12 students should know in English language arts and mathematics at the end of each grade.

Comprehension - Ability to read text, process it and understand its meaning.

ELA - English Language Arts - Reading, writing, speaking and listening Literacy-ability to read and write.

ELL/TESOL- English Language Learner/ Teachers of English to Speakers of Other

Fluency - Read with speed, accuracy, and proper expression.

Literacy - Ability to read and write.

Developing learners’ phonemic awareness (the ability to hear, identify, and manipulate) in order to teach the correspondence between these sounds and the spelling patterns that represents them.

STEM - Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics

Workshop Model - Each and every student is highly engaged and is working on materials appropriate to their specific proficiency level.

                • Teacher leads a mini-lesson in which s/he models the skill or strategy that is being taught.

                • Students practice the skill or strategy together with the teacher.

                • Students break out into groups that are formed based on similar needs as identified by teacher
                  observation and assessment. The teacher works with each group in guided instruction
                  addressing their needs.

                • Students work independently or collaboratively on a project/assignment that allows them to
                  practice the particular skill or strategy.

               • Students have an opportunity to share their work with the class and teacher and engage in class-
                 wide discussion.

Special Services

IEP - Individual Educational Plan - An educational plan with goals and objectives that is unique to a student receiving special educational services.

IRP - Individualized Reading Plan - The course of action that includes include strategies to improve the student’s reading performance.

PBIS - Positive Behavior Interventions Support - A school-wide proactive approach to teach, encourage students on good behavior and character.

PPT - Planning Placement Team - A meeting held between parents and school staff to review student’s progress and determine special education evaluation and eligibility.

RTI - Response to Intervention- In determining if a child has a specific learning disability, refers to child’s response to scientifically, research-based interventions and use of additional small group instruction.

SRBI (Scientific research based interventions) - Connecticut’s unique name for RTI model.

Section 504 - Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act protects individuals with disabilities from discrimination due to a disability.

SST – Student Study Team - A team of teachers, administrators, counselors, psychologists and support staff to begin the process of tracking a student’s behavior or learning needs.


Assessments - A measure of student achievement-quiz, test, or writing prompt.

CCSS - Common Core State Standards - A consistent, clear understanding of what students are expected to learn.

CMT- Connecticut Mastery Tests - An assessment to measure student progress.

DRA 2 - Developmental Reading Assessment 

Las Links - The purpose of the LAS Links assessment is to determine a student’s level of English proficiency.

MAP/NWEA - Measures of Academic Progress/ Northwest Evaluation Association - Computerized adaptive tests to measure progress in math and reading.

ORF - Oral Reading Fluency - A one minute timed assessment.

PM – Progress Monitoring Is a weekly, monthly or fall, winter, spring assessments to measure student progress over time.

SBAC- Smarter Balanced Assessment on the Computer - Linked directly to CCSS. 

Young Children & Families

AFP - Accreditation Facilitation Project

AIMH/CTAIMH - Association for Infant Mental Health/Connecticut Association for Infant Mental Health

ASD - American School for the Deaf

B-3/B23 - Birth to Three

CAEYC - Connecticut Association for the Education of Young Children

CCAC - Connecticut Charts A Course

CPAC - Connecticut Parent Advocacy Center

CT ELDS - Connecticut Early Learning & Development Standards

CT PAF - Connecticut Preschool Assessment Framework

EIA - Early Intervention Associate

EIS - Early Intervention Specialist

IFSP - Individual Family Service Plan

LICCS - Local Interagency Coordinating Councils

NAEYC - National Association for the Education of Young Children

OEC - Office of Early Childhood

PATH/FV-CT - PATH Parent to Parent Family Voices

SR - School Readiness

TVCCA - Thames Valley Council for Community Action


LEARN is committed to a policy of equal opportunity/affirmative action for all qualified persons. LEARN does not discriminate in any employment practice, education program, or educational activity on the basis of race, color, religious creed, sex, age, national origin, ancestry, marital status, sexual orientation, disability (including, but not limited to, mental retardation, past or present history of mental disability, physical disability or learning disability), genetic information, or any other basis prohibited by Connecticut state and/or federal nondiscrimination laws.